Updated November 19, 2018     (Page is updated monthly on the 19th. For more frequent resource alerts, follow EHR Science on Twitter:@ehrscience.)

This page focuses on the HIPAA Security Rule with particular attention given to software design, risk assessment, and meaningful use requirements.  Please use the contact form to suggest additions or corrections.

Health Information Security and Privacy Collaboration Toolkit – Toolkit aimed at addressing privacy and security concerns of health information exchanges.

American Medical Association
HIPAA privacy and security toolkit: Helping your practice meet new compliance requirements, 2013

Applied Computer Security Associates – An organization focused on computer security that sponsors the Annual Computer Security Applications Conference

This chapter is from a book published in 1995 that addresses audit trail design.  It is a very good introduction to the key concepts involved.

Jajodia S, Gadia S, Bhargava G. Logical Design of Audit Information in Relational Databases. In Information Security: An Integrated Collection of Essays. Abrams, Jajodia, and Podell, Eds. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA, 585-595. 1995. 

Health and Human Services (Website)
HIPAA Audit Security Protocol – Audit protocol used to determine HIPAA compliance for privacy and security
Guidance on De-identification of Protected Health Information
HIPAA Omnibus Final Rule  

Security Reference Documents (HHS)
Administrative Safeguards
Basics of Risk Analysis and Risk Management
Organizational, Policies and Procedures and Documentation Requirements
Physical Safeguards
Security 101 for Covered Entities
Security Standards: Implementation for the Small Provider
Technical Safeguards

National Institute of Standards and Technology (Website)
NIST Cybersecurity Practice Guide, Special Publication 1800-1: Securing Electronic Health Records on Mobile Devices, 2015
Cyber Security Framework Draft, 2013 
Security and Privacy Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations (Special Publication 800-53, R4)
Guide for Conducting Risk Assessments (Special Publication 800-30)
An Introductory Resource Guide for Implementing the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Security Rule (NIST Special Publication 800-66)

Office of the National Coordinator (Privacy and Security Website)
Legal Health Record Template 
Guide to the Privacy and Security of Health Information
Your Mobile Device and Health Information Privacy and Security

Software/Web Applications
HIPAA Security Rule Toolkit (NIST)
Cybersecure: Contingency Planning -(ONC) disaster recovery/business continuity training game
Cybersecure: Your Medical Practice – (ONC) privacy and security training game for practices

e-Discovery, Metadata, and You

EHR Security
Is Your EHR Hackable?

Technical Safeguards in Certified EHRs
HIPAA Requirements for Meaningful Use Objective 15
The HIPAA Security Rule: Components and Compliance

Information Security
Information Security: A Practical Guide
The Nightmare of Undead Data
In Case of Disaster, Break Glass
Encryption, an Ounce of Prevention…

Key Articles
Kum HC, Krishnamurthy A, Machanavajjhala A, Reiter MK, Ahalt S. Privacy preserving interactive record linkage (PPIRL). J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Nov 7. [E] 

jpc Rodrigues J, de la Torre I, Fernandez G, Lopez-Coronado M. Analysis of the security and privacy requirements of cloud-based electronic health records systems. J Med Internet Res. 2013 Aug 21;15(8):e186.

Hanada E, Kudou T, Tsumoto S. Ensuring the Security and Availability of a Hospital Wireless LAN System. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:166-70. 

Fernández-Alemán JL, Señor IC, Lozoya PÁ, Toval A. Security and privacy in electronic health records: A systematic literature review. J Biomed Inform. 2013  Jun;46(3):541-62.  

Dekkera MAC, Etalleb s.  Audit-Based Access Control for Electronic Health Records. Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science. 168:2007; 221–236 

[New  October 20 – November 19, 2018]  [E] = e-pub date
Ming Y, Zhang T. Efficient Privacy-Preserving Access Control Scheme in Electronic Health Records System. Sensors (Basel). 2018 Oct 18;18(10).

Radanovi I, Liki R. Opportunities for Use of Blockchain Technology in Medicine. Appl Health Econ Health Policy. 2018 Oct;16(5):583-590.

Wangenheim PM. Scribes, Electronic Health Records, and the Expectation of Confidentiality. J Clin Ethics. 2018 Fall;29(3):240-243.

Walsh KE, Secor JL, Matsumura JS, Schwarze ML, Potter BE, Newcomer P, Kim MK, Bartels CM. Secure Provider-to-Provider Communication With Electronic Health Record Messaging: An Educational Outreach Study. J Healthc Qual. 2018 Sep/Oct;40(5):283-291.

Kloss LL, Brodnik MS, Rinehart-Thompson LA. Access and Disclosure of Personal Health Information: A Challenging Privacy Landscape in 2016-2018. Yearb Med Inform. 2018 Aug;27(1):60-66.

Radanovi I, Liki R. Opportunities for Use of Blockchain Technology in Medicine. Appl Health Econ Health Policy. 2018 Jul 18. [E]

Kaur H, Alam MA, Jameel R, Mourya AK, Chang V. A Proposed Solution and Future Direction for Blockchain-Based Heterogeneous Medicare Data in Cloud Environment. J Med Syst. 2018 Jul 10;42(8):156.

Wang H, Song Y. Secure Cloud-Based EHR System Using Attribute-Based Cryptosystem and Blockchain. J Med Syst. 2018 Jul 5;42(8):152.

Zhang A, Lin X. Towards Secure and Privacy-Preserving Data Sharing in e-Health Systems via Consortium Blockchain. J Med Syst. 2018 Jun 28;42(8):140.

Fan K, Wang S, Ren Y, Li H, Yang Y. MedBlock: Efficient and Secure Medical Data Sharing Via Blockchain. J Med Syst. 2018 Jun 21;42(8):136.

Abdelhamid M. Greater Patient Health Information Control to Improve the Sustainability of Health Information Exchanges. J Biomed Inform. 2018 Jun 9. [E]

Stablein T, Loud KJ, DiCapua C, Anthony DL. The Catch to Confidentiality: The Use of Electronic Health Records in Adolescent Health Care. J Adolesc Health. 2018 May;62(5):577-582.

Wong MC, Yee KC, Nøhr C. Socio-Technical Considerations for the Use of Blockchain Technology in Healthcare. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2018;247:636-640.

Allen-Graham J, Mitchell L, Heriot N, Armani R, Langton D, Levinson M, Young A, Smith JA, Kotsimbos T, Wilson JW. Electronic health records and online medical records: an asset or a liability under current conditions? Aust Health Rev. 2018 Feb;42(1):59-65.

New JP, Leather D, Bakerly ND, McCrae J, Gibson JM. Putting patients in control of data from electronic health records. BMJ. 2018 Jan 2;360:j5554.

Kim YW, Cho N, Jang HJ. Trends in Research on the Security of Medical Information in Korea: Focused on Information Privacy Security in Hospitals. Healthc Inform Res. 2018 Jan;24(1):61-68.

Pantazos K, Lauesen S, Lippert S. Preserving medical correctness, readability and consistency in de-identified health records. Health Informatics J. 2017 Dec;23(4):291-303.

Vivanti A, Daly A. Important privacy considerations with electronic health record documentation. Nutr Diet. 2017 Nov 10. [E]

Kuo KM, Talley PC, Hung MC, Chen YL. A Deterrence Approach to Regulate Nurses’ Compliance with Electronic Medical Records Privacy Policy. J Med Syst. 2017 Nov 3;41(12):198.

Lockhart E, Bak K, Schreiner LJ, Hodgson DC, Gutierrez E, Warde P, Sharpe MB. Best Practice Recommendations for the Retention of Radiotherapy Records. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol). 2017 Nov;29(11):e195-e202.

Jiang Z, Zhao C, He B, Guan Y, Jiang J. De-identification of medical records using conditional random fields and long short-term memory networks. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Nov;75S:S43-S53.

Christiansen EK, Skipenes E, Hausken MF, Skeie S, Østbye T, Iversen MM. Shared Electronic Health Record Systems: Key Legal and Security Challenges. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 Nov;11(6):1234-1239.

Cohen IG, Hoffman S, Adashi EY. Your Money or Your Patient’s Life? Ransomware and Electronic Health Records. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Oct 17;167(8):587-588.

Abdelhamid M, Gaia J, Sanders GL. Putting the Focus Back on the Patient: How Privacy Concerns Affect Personal Health Information Sharing Intentions. J Med Internet Res. 2017 Sep 13;19(9):e169.

Kruse CS, Smith B, Vanderlinden H, Nealand A. Security Techniques for theElectronic Health Records. J Med Syst. 2017 Aug;41(8):127.

Ehrenfeld JM. WannaCry, Cybersecurity and Health Information Technology: ATime to Act. J Med Syst. 2017 Jul;41(7):104.

Shenoy A, Appel JM. Safeguarding Confidentiality in Electronic Health Records. Camb Q Healthc Ethics. 2017 Apr;26(2):337-341.

Hoonakker PL, Carayon P, Cartmill RS. The impact of secure messaging on workflow in primary care: Results of a multiple-case, multiple-method study. Int  J Med Inform. 2017 Apr;100:63-76. Epub 2017 Jan 18.

Alderman EM. Confidentiality in Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology: When We  Can, When We Can’t, and When We’re Challenged. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2017 Apr;30(2):176-183.

Niimi Y, Ota K. Examination of an Electronic Patient Record Display Method to Protect Patient Information Privacy. Comput Inform Nurs. 2017 Feb;35(2):100-108.

Walker DM, Johnson T, Ford EW, Huerta TR. Trust Me, I’m a Doctor: Examining Changes in How Privacy Concerns Affect Patient Withholding Behavior. J Med Internet Res. 2017 Jan 4;19(1):e2.

Yigzaw KY, Michalas A, Bellika JG. Secure and scalable deduplication of horizontally partitioned health data for privacy-preserving distributed statistical computation. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017 Jan 3;17(1):1.

Jung J, Kang D, Lee D, Won D. An Improved and Secure Anonymous Biometric-Based User Authentication with Key Agreement Scheme for the Integrated EPR Information  System. PLoS One. 2017 Jan 3;12(1):e0169414.

Kim S, Lee H, Chung YD. Privacy-preserving data cube for electronic medical records: An experimental evaluation. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Jan;97:33-42.

Yuan J, Malin B, Modave F, Guo Y, Hogan WR, Shenkman E, Bian J. Towards a Privacy Preserving Cohort Discovery Framework for Clinical Research Networks. J Biomed Inform. 2016 Dec 19. [E]

Zhang L, Wu Q, Mu Y, Zhang J. Privacy-Preserving and Secure Sharing of PHR in the Cloud. J Med Syst. 2016 Dec;40(12):267.

Zeadally S, Isaac JT, Baig Z. Security Attacks and Solutions in Electronic Health (E-health) Systems. J Med Syst. 2016 Dec;40(12):263.

Jayabalan M, O’Daniel T. Access control and privilege management in electronic health record: a systematic literature review. J Med Syst. 2016 Dec;40(12):261.

Wu Y, Lu X, Su J, Chen P. An Efficient Searchable Encryption Against Keyword Guessing Attacks for Sharable Electronic Medical Records in Cloud-based System. J Med Syst. 2016 Dec;40(12):258.

Eom J, Lee DH, Lee K. Patient-Controlled Attribute-Based Encryption for Secure Electronic Health Records System. J Med Syst. 2016 Dec;40(12):253.

Poulis G, Loukides G, Skiadopoulos S, Gkoulalas-Divanis A. Anonymizing datasets with demographics and diagnosis codes in the presence of utility constraints. J Biomed Inform. 2016 Nov 7. pii: S1532-0464(16)30160-5. [E]

Sahi A, Lai D, Li Y. Security and privacy preserving approaches in the eHealth clouds with disaster recovery plan. Comput Biol Med. 2016 Nov 1;78:1-8.

Sher ML, Talley PC, Cheng TJ, Kuo KM. How can hospitals better protect the privacy of electronic medical records? Perspectives from staff members of health information management departments. HIM J. 2016 Oct 4.

Williams RL, Taylor JF. Four steps to preserving adolescent confidentiality in an electronic health environment. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Oct;28(5):393-8.

Brown SM, Aboumatar HJ, Francis L, Halamka J, Rozenblum R, Rubin E, Sarnoff Lee B, Sugarman J, Turner K, Vorwaller M, Frosch DL; Privacy, Access, and Engagement Task Force of the Libretto Consortium of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Balancing digital information-sharing and patient privacy when engaging families in the intensive care unit. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Sep;23(5):995-1000.

Pageler NM, Grazier G’Sell MJ, Chandler W, Mailes E, Yang C, Longhurst CA. A rational approach to legacy data validation when transitioning between electronic health record systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Sep;23(5):991-4.

Smith FL 3rd. Malware and Disease: Lessons from Cyber Intelligence for Public Health Surveillance. Health Secur. 2016 Aug 26. [E]

Rangraz Jeddi F, Akbari H, Rasoli S. Older people home care through electronic health records: functions, data elements and security needs. Contemp Nurse. 2016 Apr-Jun;52(2-3):352-65.

Lin CY, Kao YH, Lee WB, Chen RC. An efficient reversible privacy-preserving data mining technology over data streams. Springerplus. 2016 Aug 24;5(1):140

Fontaine J, Zheng K, Van De Ven C, Li H, Hiner J, Mitchell K, Gendler S, Hanauer DA. Evaluation of a proximity card authentication system for health care settings. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Aug;92:1-7.

Williams RL, Taylor JF. Four steps to preserving adolescent confidentiality in an electronic health environment. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Jul 20. [E]

Rangraz Jeddi F, Akbari H, Rasoli S. Older People Home Care through Electroni Health Records: Functions, Data Elements and Security Needs. Contemp Nurse. 2016 Jul 15:1-14. [E]

Yasnoff WA. A secure and efficiently searchable health information architecture. J Biomed Inform. 2016 Jun;61:237-46.

Al Ayubi SU, Pelletier A, Sunthara G, Gujral N, Mittal V, Bourgeois FC. A Mobile App Development Guideline for Hospital Settings: Maximizing the Use of and Minimizing the Security Risks of “Bring Your Own Devices” Policies. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2016 May 11;4(2):e50.

Chen SW, Chiang DL, Liu CH, Chen TS, Lai F, Wang H, Wei W. Confidentiality Protection of Digital Health Records in Cloud Computing. J Med Syst. 2016 May;40(5):124.

Yasnoff WA. A Secure and Efficiently Searchable Health Information Architecture. J Biomed Inform. 2016 Apr 21. [E]

Tipton SJ, Forkey S, Choi YB. Toward Proper Authentication Methods in Electronic Medical Record Access Compliant to HIPAA and C.I.A. Triangle. J Med Syst. 2016 Apr;40(4):100.

Kuo A, Dang S. Secure Messaging in Electronic Health Records and Its Impact on Diabetes Clinical Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Telemed J E Health. 2016 Mar 30. [E]

Lehnbom EC, Douglas HE, Makeham MA. Positive beliefs and privacy concerns shape the future for the Personally Controlled Electronic Health Record. Intern Med J. 2016 Jan;46(1):108-11.

Papoutsi C, Reed JE, Marston C, Lewis R, Majeed A, Bell D. Patient and public views about the security and privacy of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) in the UK: results from a mixed methods study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2015 Oct 14;15:86.

Griffith R. Patient information: confidentiality and the electronic record. Br J Nurs. 2015 Sep 24;24(17):894-5.

Li CT, Weng CY, Lee CC, Wang CC. A Hash Based Remote User Authentication and Authenticated Key Agreement Scheme for the Integrated EPR Information System. J Med Syst. 2015 Sep 9. [E]

Kho AN, Cashy JP, Jackson KL, Pah AR, Goel S, Boehnke J, Humphries JE, Kominers SD, Hota BN, Sims SA, Malin BA, French DD, Walunas TL, Meltzer DO, Kaleba EO, Jones RC, Galanter WL. Design and implementation of a privacy preserving electronic health record linkage tool in Chicago. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Sep;22(5):1072-80. [E]

Mir O, van der Weide T, Lee CC. A Secure User Anonymity and Authentication Scheme Using AVISPA for Telecare Medical Information Systems. J Med Syst. 2015 Sep;39(9):265.

Brisson GE, Neely KJ, Tyler PD, Barnard C. Privacy Versus Confidentiality: More on the Use of the Electronic Health Record for Learning. Acad Med. 2015 Aug;90(8):1001.

Li J. A Privacy Preservation Model for Health-Related Social Networking Sites. J Med Internet Res. 2015 Jul 8;17(7):e168.

Liu Z, Chen Y, Tang B, Wang X, Chen Q, Li H, Wang J, Deng Q, Zhu S. Automatic de-identification of electronic medical records using token-level and character-level conditional random fields. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Jun 26. [E]

Rezaeibagha F, Win KT, Susilo W. A systematic literature review on security and privacy of electronic health record systems: technical perspectives. HIM J. 2015 Jun 26. [E]

Kels CG. Electronic health records and adolescent privacy. JAMA. 2015 Apr 7;313(13):1373.

Patel V, Beckjord E, Moser RP, Hughes P, Hesse BW. The role of health care experience and consumer information efficacy in shaping privacy and security perceptions of medical records: national consumer survey results. JMIR Med Inform. 2015 Apr 2;3(2):e14.

Das AK. A Secure and Robust Password-Based Remote User Authentication Scheme Using Smart Cards for the Integrated EPR Information System. J Med Syst. 2015 Feb 10. [E]

Bayer R, Santelli J, Klitzman R. New challenges for electronic health records: confidentiality and access to sensitive health information about parents and adolescents. JAMA. 2015 Jan 6;313(1):29-30.

Landman A, Emani S, Carlile N, Rosenthal DI, Semakov S, Pallin DJ, Poon EG. A mobile app for securely capturing and transferring clinical images to the electronic health record: description and preliminary usability study. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2015 Jan 2;3(1):e1.

Meslin EM, Schwartz PH. How bioethics principles can aid design of electronic health records to accommodate patient granular control. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Jan;30 Suppl 1:3-6.

Caine K, Tierney WM. Point and counterpoint: patient control of access to data in their electronic health records. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Jan;30 Suppl 1:38-41.

Caine K, Kohn S, Lawrence C, Hanania R, Meslin EM, Tierney WM. Designing a Patient-Centered User Interface for Access Decisions about EHR Data: Implications from Patient Interviews. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Jan;30 Suppl 1:7-16.

Naam NH, Sanbar S. Advanced Technology and Confidentiality in Hand Surgery. J Hand Surg Am. 2015 Jan;40(1):182-187.

Alanazi HO, Zaidan AA, Zaidan BB, Kiah ML, Al-Bakri SH. Meeting the Security Requirements of Electronic Medical Records in the ERA of High-Speed Computing. J Med Syst. 2015 Jan;39(1):165.

Alanazi HO, Zaidan AA, Zaidan BB, Kiah ML, Al-Bakri SH. Meeting the Security Requirements of Electronic Medical Records in the ERA of High-Speed Computing. J Med Syst. 2014 Dec 7 [E]

Vogel J, Brown JS, Land T, Platt R, Klompas M. MDPHnet: Secure, Distributed Sharing of Electronic Health Record Data for Public Health Surveillance, Evaluation, and Planning. Am J Public Health. 2014 Dec;104(12):2265-70.

Mazumdar S, Konings P, Hewett M, Bagheri N, McRae I, Del Fante P. Protecting the privacy of individual general practice patient electronic records for geospatial epidemiology research. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2014
Dec;38(6):548-52. 2014 Oct 12. [E]

Sittig DF, Gonzalez D, Singh H. Contingency planning for electronic health record-based care continuity: a survey of recommended practices. Int J Med Inform. 2014 Nov;83(11):797-804.

Chen CL, Yang TT, Chiang ML, Shih TF. A privacy authentication scheme based on cloud for medical environment. J Med Syst. 2014 Nov;38(11):143.

Newhauser W, Jones T, Swerdloff S, Newhauser W, Cilia M, Carver R, Halloran A,Zhang R. Anonymization of DICOM electronic medical records for radiation therapy. Comput Biol Med. 2014 Oct;53:134-40.

Somolinos R, Munoz A, Hernando ME, Pascual M, Caceres J, Sanchez-de-MadariagaR, Fragua J, Serrano P, Salvador C. Service for the pseudonymization of electronic healthcare records based on ISO/EN 13606 for the secondary use of information. IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2014 Sep 26. [E]

Gummadi S, Housri N, Zimmers TA, Koniaris LG. Electronic medical record: a balancing act of patient safety, privacy and health care delivery. Am J Med Sci.  2014 Sep;348(3):238-43.

Gkoulalas-Divanis A, Loukides G, Sun J. Publishing data from electronic health records while preserving privacy: A survey of algorithms. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Aug;50C:4-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jbi.2014.06.002.

Loukides G, Liagouris J, Gkoulalas-Divanis A, Terrovitis M. Disassociation for electronic health record privacy. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Aug;50:46-61.

South BR, Mowery D, Suo Y, Leng J, Ferrández O, Meystre SM, Chapman WW. Evaluating the effects of machine pre-annotation and an interactive annotation interface on manual de-identification of clinical text. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Aug;50:162-72.

Bos JW, Lauter K, Naehrig M. Private predictive analysis on encrypted medical data. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Aug;50:234-43.

Landberg AH, Nguyen K, Pardede E, Rahayu JW. ?-Dependency for privacy-preserving XML data publishing. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Aug;50:77-94.

Jones KH, Ford DV, Jones C, Dsilva R, Thompson S, Brooks CJ, Heaven ML, Thayer DS, McNerney CL, Lyons RA. A case study of the Secure Anonymous Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway: A privacy-protecting remote access system for health-related research and evaluation. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Aug;50:196-204.

Randall SM, Ferrante AM, Boyd JH, Bauer JK, Semmens JB. Privacy-preserving record linkage on large real world datasets. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Aug;50:205-12.

Chen CL, Yang TT, Shih TF. A Secure Medical Data Exchange Protocol Based on Cloud Environment. J Med Syst. 2014 Jul 19. [E]

Abbas A, Khan SU. A Review on the State-of-the-Art Privacy-Preserving Approaches in the e-Health Clouds. IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2014 Jul;18(4):1431-41.

Neame R. Effective sharing of health records, maintaining privacy: a practical schema. Online J Public Health Inform. 2013 Jul 1;5(2):217.

Committee opinion no. 599: adolescent confidentiality and electronic health records. Obstet Gynecol. 2014 May;123(5):1148-50.

Kim KW, Lee JD. On the security of two remote user authentication schemes for  telecare medical information systems. J Med Syst. 2014 May;38(5):17.

Wen F. A More Secure Anonymous User Authentication Scheme for the Integrated EPR Information System. J Med Syst. 2014 May;38(5):42.

Yu YC, Hou TW. An efficient forward-secure group certificate digital signature scheme to enhance EMR authentication process. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2014 May;52(5):449-57.

Goldstein MM. Health Information Privacy and Health Information Technology in  the US Correctional Setting. Am J Public Health. 2014 May;104(5):803-9.

Menon AK, Jiang X, Kim J, Vaidya J, Ohno-Machado L. Detecting Inappropriate Access to Electronic Health Records Using Collaborative Filtering. Mach Learn. 2014 Apr 1;95(1):87-101.

Li H, Hong W, Dong S, Liu Y, Wang E. A Resettable and Reprogrammable DNA-Based Security System To Identify Multiple Users with Hierarchy. ACS Nano. 2014 Mar 3. [E]

Kreissl R. Assessing Security Technology’s Impact: Old Tools for New Problems. Sci Eng Ethics. 2014 Mar 2. [E]

Tong Y, Sun J, Chow SS, Li P. Cloud-assisted mobile-access of health data with privacy and auditability. IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2014 Mar;18(2):419-29.

Wang H, Wu Q, Qin B, Domingo-Ferrer J. FRR: Fair remote retrieval of outsourced private medical records in electronic health networks. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Feb 18. [E]

Schwartze J, Haarbrandt B, Fortmeier D, Haux R, Seidel C. Authentication systems for securing clinical documentation workflows. A systematic literature review. Methods Inf Med. 2014;53(1):3-13.

Kum HC, Krishnamurthy A, Machanavajjhala A, Reiter MK, Ahalt S. Privacy preserving interactive record linkage (PPIRL). J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Nov 7. [E]

Kuzu M, Kantarcioglu M, Inan A, Bertino E, Durham E, Malin B. Efficient Privacy-Aware Record Integration. Adv Database Technol. 2013:167-178.

Chen YC, Horng G, Lin YJ, Chen KC. Privacy preserving index for encrypted electronic medical records. J Med Syst. 2013 Dec;37(6):9992.

Kiah ML, Nabi MS, Zaidan BB, Zaidan AA. An Enhanced Security Solution for Electronic Medical Records Based on AES Hybrid Technique with SOAP/XML and SHA-1. J Med Syst. 2013 Oct;37(5):9971.

Awasthi AK, Srivastava K. A biometric authentication scheme for telecare medicine information systems with nonce. J Med Syst. 2013 Oct;37(5):9964.

Demers G, Kahn C, Johansson P, Buono C, Chipara O, Griswold W, Chan T. Secure  scalable disaster electronic medical record and tracking system. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2013 Oct;28(5):498-501.

Hsu CL, Lee MR, Su CH. The role of privacy protection in healthcare information systems adoption. J Med Syst.  2013 Sep 8.  [E]

Picazo-Sanchez P, Bagheri N, Peris-Lopez P, Tapiador JE. Two RFID Standard-based Security Protocols for Healthcare Environments. J Med Syst. 2013 2013 Aug 16 [E]

O’Dowd A. Medical data: does patient privacy trump access for research? BMJ. 2013 Sep 11;347:f5516.

Gulick S. Be Prepared: Enforcement of the New HIPAA Rules. J Am Coll Radiol.2013 Sep 7. [E]

Nordgren A. Privacy by Design in Personal Health Monitoring. Health Care Anal. 2013 Aug 27. [E]

Wang CJ, Huang DJ. The HIPAA Conundrum in the Era of Mobile Health and Communications. JAMA. 2013 Aug 26. [E]

Agaku IT, Adisa AO, Ayo-Yusuf OA, Connolly GN. Concern about security and privacy, and perceived control over collection and use of health information are  related to withholding of health information from healthcare providers. J Am Med  Inform Assoc. 2013 Aug 23. [E]

jpc Rodrigues J, de la Torre I, Fernandez G, Lopez-Coronado M. Analysis of the security and privacy requirements of cloud-based electronic health records systems. J Med Internet Res. 2013 Aug 21;15(8):e186.

Lecoanet A, Sellier E, Carpentier F, Maignan M, Seigneurin A, Fran?ßois P. Experience feedback committee in emergency medicine: a tool for security management. Emerg Med J. 2013 Aug 20.  [E]

Mitchener-Nissen T. Addressing social resistance in emerging security technologies. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013 Aug 20;7:483.

Kels CG, Kels LH. Medical Privacy After Death: Implications of New Modifications to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Privacy Rule. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013 Aug 20. [E]

Mansoori B, Rosipko B, Erhard KK, Sunshine JL. Design and Implementation of Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity Solution for Radiology PACS. J Digit Imaging. 2013 Aug 6. [E]

Cooley J, Smith S. Privacy-preserving screen capture: Towards closing the loop for health IT usability. J Biomed Inform. 2013 Aug;46(4):721-33.

Ermakova, Tatiana; Fabian, Benjamin, “Secret Sharing for Health Data in Multi-provider Clouds,” Business Informatics (CBI), 2013 IEEE 15th Conference on , vol., no., pp.93,100, 15-18 July 2013

Anthony, D.; Campbell, A.; Candon, T.; Gettinger, A.; Gunter, C.; Johnson, M.; Kotz, D.; Marsch, L.; Molina-Markham, A.; Page, K.; Smith, S., “Securing Information Technology in Healthcare,” Security & Privacy, IEEE , vol.PP, no.99, pp.1,1, 0 2013

Jungchae Kim; Byuck Jin Lee; Yoo, S.K., “Design of real-time encryption module for secure data protection of wearable healthcare devices,” Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE , vol., no., pp.2283,2286, 3-7 July 2013

Malay DS. Electronic Health Records, Privacy, and Surveillance. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2013 Jul .18 [E]

Fernandes AC, Cloete D, Broadbent MT, Hayes RD, Chang CK, Jackson RG, Roberts  A, Tsang J, Soncul M, Liebscher J, Stewart R, Callard F. Development and evaluation of a de-identification procedure for a case register sourced from mental health electronic records. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2013 Jul 11;13(1):71. [E]

Neame R. Effective sharing of health records, maintaining privacy: a practical schema. Online J Public Health Inform. 2013 Jul 1;5(2):217.

Yamashita Y, Ogaito T. Rebuilding and the private cloud of the hospital information system by the virtualization technology. Stud Health Technol Inform.  2013;192:1183.

Shin SY, Lyu Y, Shin Y, Choi HJ, Park J, Kim WS, Lee JH. Experience of De-identification System Development for Clinical Research in Tertiary Hospital.  Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:1044.

Niimi Y, Ota K. Display methods of electronic patient record screens: patient  privacy concerns. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:1029.

Alsalamah S, Gray WA, Hilton J, Alsalamah H. Information security requirements in patient-centred healthcare support systems. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:812-6.

Le T, Thompson H, Demiris G. An examination of electronic health information  privacy in older adults. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:709-13.

Mense A, Hoheiser-Pförtner F, Schmid M, Wahl H. Concepts for a Standard based Cross-organisational Information Security Management System in the Context of a Nationwide EHR. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:548-52.

Hanada E, Kudou T, Tsumoto S. Ensuring the Security and Availability of a Hospital Wireless LAN System. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:166-70.

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