Usability

by Jerome Carter on April 18, 2012

Updated  November 19, 2017  (Page is updated monthly on the 19th. For more frequent resource alerts, follow EHR Science on Twitter:@ehrscience.)

The Usability page focuses on major national policy reports/documents and selected research articles going back to 1999.  Resources are selected with an emphasis on usability as a software selection tool and as an adjunct to system design.   As always, if you have comments and suggestions, please submit them using the contact form.

Books
Belden J, Patel J, Lowrance N, Plaisant C, Koopman R, Moore J, Johnson TR, Sonin J. Inspired EHRs: Designing for Clinicians. University of Missouri, 2014.

Zhang J, Muhammad W eds. Better EHR: Usability, Workflow and Cognitive Support in Electronic Health Records. National Center for Cognitive Informatics & Decision Making in Healthcare, 2014. 

Tidwell  J.  Designing Interfaces, 2nd Edition. Sebastopol, CA : O’Reilly Media; 2011

Microsoft Inductive User Interface Guideline. Microsoft; 2001

Courses
ONC Human Factors course via Health Informatics Forum
Usability and Human Factors

Websites
User Experience Professional Association
User Experience Professional Association – Seemingly, everything related to usability is somewhere on the site.  See for yourself.

Usability Book of Knowledge – A great resource for learning about human factors methods and tools.

Health and Human Services
Usability.gov  — This site offers a wide range of practical guidance usability and user-centered design for websites.  

HIMSS
HIT User Experience in Health IT — An up-to-date and excellent resource for health IT user experience and usability.

National Center for Human Factors in Healthcare
National Center for Human Factors in Healthcare – A range of quality information focused on human factors in healthcare.

Reports
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
EHR Usability Toolkit: A Background Report on Usability and Electronic Health Records, 2011
Electronic Health Record Usability: Vendor Practices and Perspectives, 2010
Electronic Health Record Usability: Interface Design Considerations , 2009
Electronic Health Record Usability: Evaluation and Use Case Framework, 2009

American Medical Association
Improving Care: Priorities to Improve Electronic Health Record Usability, 2014

Institute of Medicine
Comparative User Experiences of Health IT Products: How User Experiences Would Be Reported and Used, 2012

National Institute of Standards and Technology
Technical Evaluation, Testing, and Validation of the Usability of Electronic Health Records: Empirically Based Use Cases for Validating Safety-Enhanced Usability and Guidelines for Standardization, 2015

Integrating Electronic Health Records  into Clinical Workflow: An  Application of Human Factors Modeling Methods to Ambulatory Care, 2014
A Human Factors Guide to Enhance EHR Usability of Critical User Interactions when Supporting Pediatric Patient Care, 2012
Creating Usable Electronic Health Records (EHRs): A User-Centered Design Best Practices Workshop,  2012
Technical Evaluation, Testing and Validation of the Usability of Electronic Health Records Literature, 2012
Customized Common Industry Format Template for Electronic Health Record Usability Testing, 2011
NIST Guide to the Processes Approach for Improving the Usability of Electronic Health Records, 2011
Human Factors Guidance to Prevent Healthcare Disparities with the Adoption of EHRs, 2011 

Posts
User Experience
e-Prospective Memory – The Next Step in EHR Usability?
Software Interaction Patterns: A Guide to User Behaviors

Testing
Enhancing Usability Testing, EHR Selection, and Informatics Research with Prototyping Tools
An Interesting Approach to EHR Selection and Usability Testing

Tools
Usability as an EHR Selection Tool
NIST Usability Resources—A Goldmine for Developers

Software
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Turf:EHR Usability Toolkit, Version 2.0  – Usability evaluation tool for EHRs developed as part of the Strategic Healthcare IT Advanced Research Projects (SHARP) program.  

Key Articles
Ratwani RM, Benda NC, Hettinger AZ, Fairbanks RJ. Electronic Health Record Vendor Adherence to Usability Certification Requirements and Testing Standards. JAMA. 2015 Sep 8;314(10):1070-1.

Sittig DF, Murphy DR, Smith MW, Russo E, Wright A, Singh H. Graphical display of diagnostic test results in electronic health Records: a comparison of 8 systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Jul;22(4):900-4.

Ratwani RM, Fairbanks RJ, Hettinger AZ, Benda NC. Electronic health record usability: analysis of the user-centered design processes of eleven electronic health record vendors. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Jun 6. [E]

Zahabi M, Kaber DB, Swangnetr M. Usability and Safety in Electronic Medical Records Interface Design: A Review of Recent Literature and Guideline Formulation. Hum Factors. 2015 Aug;57(5):805-34.

Smith SW, Koppel R. Healthcare information technology’s relativity problems: a typology of how patients’ physical reality, clinicians’ mental models, and healthcare information technology differ. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jan 1;21(1):117-31. 

Hill RG Jr, Sears LM, Melanson SW. 4000 Clicks: a productivity analysis of electronic medical records in a community hospital ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2013 Sep 20. [E] 

Block L, Habicht R, Wu AW, Desai SV, Wang K, Silva KN, Niessen T, Oliver N, Feldman L. In the wake of the 2003 and 2011 duty hours regulations, how do internal medicine interns spend their time? J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Aug;28(8):1042-7.  

Sandefer R, Brinda D, Wapola J, Maki SE, Marc D. EHR Usability on Mobile Devices. Educational Perspectives in Health Informatics and Information Management (Summer 2013): 1-11.  

Elkin PL, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Pelayo S, Patel V, Nøhr C. The usability-error ontology. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;194:91-6. 

Peute LW, Driest KF, Marcilly R, Bras Da Costa S, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Jaspers  MW. A Framework for reporting on Human Factor/Usability studies of Health Information Technologies. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;194:54-60. 

Middleton B, Bloomrosen M, Dente MA, Hashmat B, Koppel R, Overhage JM, PayneTH, Rosenbloom ST, Weaver C, Zhang J. Enhancing patient safety and quality of care by improving the usability of electronic health record systems: recommendations from AMIA. J Am Med Inform Assoc.  2013 Jun;20(e1):e2-8.

Flanagan ME, Saleem JJ, Millitello LG, Russ AL, Doebbeling BN. Paper- and computer-based workarounds to electronic health record use at three benchmark institutions. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Mar 14. [E]

Zhang J, Walji MF. TURF: toward a unified framework of EHR usability. J Biomed Inform. 2011 ec;44(6):1056-67.

Saleem JJ, Russ AL, Justice CF, Hagg H, Ebright PR, Woodbridge PA, Doebbeling BN. Exploring the persistence of paper with the electronic health record. Int J Med Inform. 2009 Sep;78(9):618-28.

Articles
[
New  October 20 – November 19, 2017]  [E] = e-pub date
Cox CE, Jones DM, Reagan W, Key MD, Chow V, McFarlin J, Casarett D, Creutzfeldt CJ, Docherty SL. Palliative Care Planner (PCplanner): A Pilot Study to Evaluate Acceptability and Usability of an Electronic Health Records System-Integrated, Needs-Targeted App Platform. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Nov 9. [E]

Ramos SR. User-Centered Design, Experience, and Usability of an Electronic Consent User Interface to Facilitate Informed Decision-Making in an HIV Clinic. Comput Inform Nurs. 2017 Nov;35(11):556-564.

Blijleven V, Koelemeijer K, Wetzels M, Jaspers M. Workarounds Emerging From Electronic Health Record System Usage: Consequences for Patient Safety, Effectiveness of Care, and Efficiency of Care. JMIR Hum Factors. 2017 Oct 5;4(4):e27.

Roman-Belmonte JM, De la Corte-Rodriguez H, Rodriguez-Merchan EC. Comparative analysis of two methods of data entry into electronic medical records: A randomized clinical trial (research letter). J Eval Clin Pract. 2017 Sep 25. [E]

Sidek YH, Martins JT. Perceived critical success factors of electronic health record system implementation in a dental clinic context: An organizational management perspective. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Nov;107:88-100.

Blijleven V, Koelemeijer K, Jaspers M. Identifying and eliminating inefficiencies in information system usage: A lean perspective. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Nov;107:40-47.

Hodgson T, Magrabi F, Coiera E. Efficiency and safety of speech recognition for documentation in the electronic health record. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Nov 1;24(6):1127-1133.

Tubaishat A. Perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use of electronic health records among nurses: Application of Technology Acceptance Model. Inform Health Soc Care. 2017 Sep 18:1-11. [E]

Olchanski N, Dziadzko MA, Tiong IC, Daniels CE, Peters SG, O’Horo JC, Gong MN. Can a Novel ICU Data Display Positively Affect Patient Outcomes and Save Lives? J Med Syst. 2017 Sep 18;41(11):171.

Wilbanks BA, Moss J. Evidence-Based Guidelines for Interface Design for Data Entry in Electronic Health Records. Comput Inform Nurs. 2017 Sep 12. [E]

Adelman JS, Berger MA, Rai A, Galanter WL, Lambert BL, Schiff GD, Vawdrey DK, Green RA, Salmasian H, Koppel R, Schechter CB, Applebaum JR, Southern WN. A national survey assessing the number of records allowed open in electronic health records at hospitals and ambulatory sites. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Sep 1;24(5):992-995.

Handayani PW, Hidayanto AN, Budi I. User acceptance factors of hospital information systems and related technologies: Systematic review. Inform Health Soc Care. 2017 Aug 22:1-26.

Hassett MJ. Usability Considerations in Oncology Electronic Medical Records. J Oncol Pract. 2017 Aug;13(8):539-541.

Burt A, Morgan L, Petrinic T, Young D, Watkinson P. Usability evaluation methods employed to assess information visualisations of electronically stored patient data for clinical use: a protocol for a systematic review. Syst Rev. 2017 Jul 28;6(1):148

King AJ, Hochheiser H, Visweswaran S, Clermont G, Cooper GF. Eye-tracking for clinical decision support: A method to capture automatically what physicians are viewing in the EMR. AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc. 2017 Jul 26;2017:512-521. eCollection 2017.

Chang B, Kanagaraj M, Neely B, Segall N, Huang E. Triangulating Methodologies from Software, Medicine and Human Factors Industries to Measure Usability and Clinical Efficacy of Medication Data Visualization in an Electronic Health Record System. AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc. 2017 Jul 26;2017:473-482. eCollection 2017.

Schall MC Jr, Cullen L, Pennathur P, Chen H, Burrell K, Matthews G. Usability Evaluation and Implementation of a Health Information Technology Dashboard of Evidence-Based Quality Indicators. Comput Inform Nurs. 2017 Jun;35(6):281-288

Benski AC, Stancanelli G, Scaringella S, Herinainasolo JL, Jinoro J,Vassilakos P, Petignat P, Schmidt NC. Usability and feasibility of a mobile health system to provide comprehensive antenatal care in low-income countries:PANDA mHealth pilot study in Madagascar. J Telemed Telecare. 2017 Jun;23(5):536-543.

Ramos SR. User-Centered Design, Experience, and Usability of an Electronic Consent User Interface to Facilitate Informed Decision-Making in a HIV Clinic. Comput Inform Nurs. 2017 May 5. [E]

Blijleven V, Koelemeijer K, Jaspers M. Exploring Workarounds Related to Electronic Health Record System Usage: A Study Protocol. JMIR Res Protoc. 2017 Apr 28;6(4):e72.

Bush RA, Kuelbs C, Ryu J, Jiang W, Chiang G. Structured Data Entry in the Electronic Medical Record: Perspectives of Pediatric Specialty Physicians and Surgeons. J Med Syst. 2017 Mar 21. [E]

Ohno-Machado L. Electronic health records: usability and utilization by health care providers and patients. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Apr 1;24(e1):e1.

Ratwani RM, Zachary Hettinger A, Kosydar A, Fairbanks RJ, Hodgkins ML. A framework for evaluating electronic health record vendor user-centered design and usability testing processes. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Apr 1;24(e1):e35-e39.

Farzandipour M, Meidani Z, Riazi H, Sadeqi Jabali M. Task-specific usability requirements of electronic medical records systems: Lessons learned from a national survey of end-users. Inform Health Soc Care. 2017 Apr 11:1-20. [E]

Clark LN, Benda NC, Hegde S, McGeorge NM, Guarrera-Schick TK, Hettinger AZ, LaVergne DT, Perry SJ, Wears RL, Fairbanks RJ, Bisantz AM. Usability evaluation of an emergency department information system prototype designed using cognitive  systems engineering techniques. Appl Ergon. 2017 Apr;60:356-365.

Zheng J, Yu H. Readability Formulas and User Perceptions of Electronic Health Records Difficulty: A Corpus Study. J Med Internet Res. 2017 Mar 2;19(3):e59.

Roman LC, Ancker JS, Johnson SB, Senathirajah Y. Navigation in the electronic health record: A review of the safety and usability literature. J Biomed Inform.  2017 Mar;67:69-79.

Tyllinen M, Kaipio J, Lääveri T, Nieminen M. End-Users’ Voice in EHR Selection: Development of a Usability Questionnaire for Demonstrations in Procurement (DPUQ). Stud Health Technol Inform. 2017;234:346-351.

Koppel R, Kuziemsky C. Interface Usability Across and Within EHR Vendors and  Medical Settings: The Often Unexamined Need for Interface Similarities. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2017;234:183-187.

Luna DR, Rizzato Lede DA, Otero CM, Risk MR, González Bernaldo de Quirós F. User-centered design improves the usability of drug-drug interaction alerts: Experimental comparison of interfaces. J Biomed Inform. 2017 Feb;66:204-213.

Kaipio J, Lääveri T, Hyppönen H, Vainiomäki S, Reponen J, Kushniruk A, Borycki E, Vänskä J. Usability problems do not heal by themselves: National survey on physicians’ experiences with EHRs in Finland. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Jan;97:266-281.

Eslami Andargoli A, Scheepers H, Rajendran D, Sohal A. Health information systems evaluation frameworks: A systematic review. Int J Med Inform. 2017 Jan;97:195-209.

Ellsworth MA, Dziadzko M, O’Horo JC, Farrell AM, Zhang J, Herasevich V. An appraisal of published usability evaluations of electronic health records via systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Jan;24(1):218-226.

Frogner BK, Wu X, Ku L, Pittman P, Masselink LE. Do Years of Experience With  Electronic Health Records Matter for Productivity in Community Health Centers? J  Ambul Care Manage. 2017 Jan/Mar;40(1):36-47.

2016
Schall MC Jr, Cullen L, Pennathur P, Chen H, Burrell K, Matthews G. Usability Evaluation and Implementation of a Health Information Technology Dashboard of Evidence-Based Quality Indicators. Comput Inform Nurs. 2016 Dec 21. [E]

Walker L, Clendon J. The case for end-user involvement in design of health technologies. J Telemed Telecare. 2016 Dec;22(8):443-446.

Ratwani R, Fairbanks T, Savage E, Adams K, Wittie M, Boone E, Hayden A, Barnes J, Hettinger Z, Gettinger A. Mind the Gap. A systematic review to identify usability and safety challenges and practices during electronic health record implementation. Appl Clin Inform. 2016 Nov 16;7(4):1069-1087.

Gold JA, Stephenson LE, Gorsuch A, Parthasarathy K, Mohan V. Feasibility of utilizing a commercial eye tracker to assess electronic health record use during patient simulation. Health Informatics J. 2016 Sep;22(3):744-57. [E]

Weiner SG. Incidence of speech recognition errors in the emergency department. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Sep;93:70-3.

Schiff GD, Zucker L. Medical Scribes: Salvation for Primary Care or Workaround for Poor EMR Usability? J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Sep;31(9):979-81.

Duffy FF, Fochtmann LJ, Clarke DE, Barber K, Hong SH, Yager J, Mo?cicki EK, Plovnick RM. Psychiatrists’ Comfort Using Computers and Other Electronic Devices in Clinical Practice. Psychiatr Q. 2016 Sep;87(3):571-84.

Ratwani RM, Hettinger AZ, Fairbanks RJ. Barriers to comparing the usability of electronic health records. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Aug 29. [E]

Stevenson JE, Israelsson J, Nilsson G, Petersson G, Bath PA. Vital sign documentation in electronic records: The development of workarounds. Health Informatics J. 2016 Aug 19. [E]

Meehan RA, Mon DT, Kelly K, Rocca M, Dickinson G, Ritter J, Johnson CM. Increasing EHR system usability through standards: Conformance criteria in the Hl7 EHR-system functional model. J Biomed Inform. 2016 Aug 11. [E]

Khajouei R, Zahiri Esfahani M, Jahani Y. Comparison of heuristic and cognitive walkthrough usability evaluation methods for evaluating health information systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Aug 7. [E]

Hochstenbach LM, Zwakhalen SM, Courtens AM, van Kleef M, de Witte LP. Feasibility of a mobile and web-based intervention to support self-management in outpatients with cancer pain. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2016 Aug;23:97-105.

Abelson J, Li K, Wilson G, Shields K, Schneider C, Boesveld S. Supporting quality public and patient engagement in health system organizations: development and usability testing of the Public and Patient Engagement Evaluation Tool. Health Expect. 2016 Aug;19(4):817-27.

Barrett AK, Stephens KK. Making Electronic Health Records (EHRs) Work: Informal Talk and Workarounds in Healthcare Organizations. Health Commun. 2016 Jul 27:1-10. [E]

Sarkar U, Gourley GI, Lyles CR, Tieu L, Clarity C, Newmark L, Singh K, Bates DW. Usability of Commercially Available Mobile Applications for Diverse Patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Jul 14. [E]

Mishuris RG, Yoder J, Wilson D, Mann D. Integrating data from an online diabetes prevention program into an electronic health record and clinical workflow, a design phase usability study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2016 Jul 11;16:88.

Press A, DeStio C, McCullagh L, Kapoor S, Morley J; SBIRT NY-II Team, Conigliaro J. Usability Testing of a National Substance Use Screening Tool Embedded in Electronic Health Records. JMIR Hum Factors. 2016 Jul 8;3(2):e18.

Hattink B, Droes RM, Sikkes S, Oostra E, Lemstra AW. Evaluation of the Digital Alzheimer Center: Testing Usability and Usefulness of an Online Portal for Patients with Dementia and Their Carers. JMIR Res Protoc. 2016 Jul 21;5(3):e144.

Asan O, Holden RJ, Flynn KE, Yang Y, Azam L, Scanlon MC. Provider Use of a Novel EHR display in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Large Customizable Interactive Monitor (LCIM). Appl Clin Inform. 2016 Jul 20;7(3):682-92.

Press A, DeStio C, McCullagh L, Kapoor S, Morley J; SBIRT NY-II Team, Conigliaro J. Usability Testing of a National Substance Use Screening Tool Embedded in Electronic Health Records. JMIR Hum Factors. 2016 Jul 8;3(2):e18.

Ratwani RM, Zachary Hettinger A, Kosydar A, Fairbanks RJ, Hodgkins ML. A framework for evaluating electronic health record vendor user-centered design and usability testing processes. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Jul 3. [E]

Hanauer DA, Branford GL, Greenberg G, Kileny S, Couper MP, Zheng K, Choi SW. Two-year longitudinal assessment of physicians’ perceptions after replacement of a longstanding homegrown electronic health record: does a J-curve of satisfaction really exist? J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Jul 3. [E]

Shanafelt TD, Dyrbye LN, Sinsky C, Hasan O, Satele D, Sloan J, West CP. Relationship Between Clerical Burden and Characteristics of the Electronic Environment With Physician Burnout and Professional Satisfaction. Mayo Clin Proc. 2016 Jul;91(7):836-48. [E]

Lopez KD, Febretti A, Stifter J, Johnson A, Wilkie DJ, Keenan G. Toward a More Robust and Efficient Usability Testing Method of Clinical Decision Support for Nurses Derived From Nursing Electronic Health Record Data. Int J Nurs Knowl. 2016 Jun 24. [E]

Duhm J, Fleischmann R, Schmidt S, Hupperts H, Brandt SA. Mobile Electronic Medical Records Promote Workflow: Physicians’ Perspective From a Survey. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2016 Jun 6;4(2):e70.

Benda NC, Meadors ML, Hettinger AZ, Ratwani RM. Emergency Physician Task Switching Increases With the Introduction of a Commercial Electronic Health Record. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Jun;67(6):741-6.

Rizvi RF, Harder KA, Hultman GM, Adam TJ, Kim M, Pakhomov SV, Melton GB. A comparative observational study of inpatient clinical note-entry and reading/retrieval styles adopted by physicians. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Jun;90:1-11.

Bruns EJ, Hyde KL, Sather A, Hook AN, Lyon AR. Applying User Input to the Design and Testing of an Electronic Behavioral Health Information System for Wraparound Care Coordination. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 May;43(3):350-68.

Lyon AR, Wasse JK, Ludwig K, Zachry M, Bruns EJ, Unützer J, McCauley E. The Contextualized Technology Adaptation Process (CTAP): Optimizing Health Information Technology to Improve Mental Health Systems. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 May;43(3):394-409.

Ellsworth MA, Dziadzko M, O’Horo JC, Farrell AM, Zhang J, Herasevich V. An appraisal of published usability evaluations of electronic health records via systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Apr 23. [E]

Callen J. Evaluation research studies essential to ensuring health information systems meet the needs of users, including patients. HIM J. 2016 Apr 12. [E]

Poon SJ, Greenwood-Ericksen MB, Gish RE, Neri PM, Takhar SS, Weiner SG, Schuur JD, Landman AB. Usability of the Massachusetts Prescription Drug Monitoring Program in the Emergency Department: A Mixed-methods Study. Acad Emerg Med. 2016 Apr;23(4):406-14.

Dziadzko MA, Herasevich V, Sen A, Pickering BW, Knight AM, Moreno Franco P. User perception and experience of the introduction of a novel critical care patient viewer in the ICU setting. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Apr;88:86-91.

Cho I, Kim E, Choi WH, Staggers N. Comparing usability testing outcomes and functions of six electronic nursing record systems. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Apr;88:78-85.

Schooley B, Walczak S, Hikmet N, Patel N. Impacts of mobile tablet computing on provider productivity, communications, and the process of care. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Apr;88:62-70.

Choo S, Kim JY, Jung SY, Kim S, Kim JE, Han JS, Kim S, Kim JH, Kim J, Kim Y, Kim D, Steinhubl S. Development of a Weight Loss Mobile App Linked With an Accelerometer for Use in the Clinic: Usability, Acceptability, and Early Testing of its Impact on the Patient-Doctor Relationship. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2016 Mar 31;4(1):e24.

Boudreaux ED, Fischer AC, Haskins BL, Saeed Zafar Z, Chen G, Chinai SA. Implementation of a Computerized Screening Inventory: Improved Usability Through Iterative Testing and Modification. JMIR Hum Factors. 2016 Mar 9;3(1):e10.

Palojoki S, Mäkelä M, Lehtonen L, Saranto K. An analysis of electronic health record-related patient safety incidents. Health Informatics J. 2016 Mar 7. [E]

Joukes E, Cornet R, de Bruijne MC, de Keizer NF. Eliciting end-user expectations to guide the implementation process of a new electronic health record: A case study using concept mapping. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Mar;87:111-7.

Jensen LG, Bossen C. Factors affecting physicians’ use of a dedicated overview interface in an electronic health record: The importance of standard information and standard documentation. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Mar;87:44-53.

van Engen-Verheul MM, Peute LW, de Keizer NF, Peek N, Jaspers MW. Optimizing the user interface of a data entry module for an electronic patient record for cardiac rehabilitation: A mixed method usability approach. Int J Med Inform. 2016 Mar;87:15-26.

Schenk EC, Mayer DD, Ward-Barney E, Estill P, Goss L, Shreffler-Grant J. RN Perceptions of a Newly Adopted Electronic Health Record. J Nurs Adm. 2016 Mar;46(3):139-45.

Lourenco LM, Bursua A, Groo VL. Automatic Errors: A Case Series on the Errors Inherent in Electronic Prescribing. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Feb 16. [E]

Maher M, Kaziunas E, Ackerman M, Derry H, Forringer R, Miller K, O’Reilly D, An LC, Tewari M, Hanauer DA, Choi SW. User-Centered Design Groups to Engage Patients and Caregivers with a Personalized Health Information Technology Tool. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2016 Feb;22(2):349-58.

2015
Wu AW, White SM, Blackford AL, Wolff AC, Carducci MA, Herman JM, Snyder CF; PatientViewpoint Scientific Advisory Board. Improving an electronic system for measuring PROs in routine oncology practice. J Cancer Surviv. 2015 Dec 7 [E].

Shaha JS, El-Othmani MM, Saleh JK, Bozic KJ, Wright J, Tokish JM, Shaha SH, Saleh KJ. The Growing Gap in Electronic Medical Record Satisfaction Between Clinicians and Information Technology Professionals: Issues of Most Concern and Suggested Remediations. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Dec 2;97(23):1979-84.

Carlson KL, McFadden SE, Barkin S. Improving Documentation Timeliness: A “Brighter Future” for the Electronic Medical Record in Resident Clinics. Acad Med. 2015 Dec;90(12):1641-5.

Vogel M, Kaisers W, Wassmuth R, Mayatepek E. Analysis of Documentation Speed Using Web-Based Medical Speech Recognition Technology: Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res. 2015 Nov 3;17(11):e247.

Hollenbeck SM, Bomar JD, Wenger DR, Yaszay B. Electronic Medical Record Adoption: The Effect on Efficiency, Completeness, and Accuracy in an Academic Orthopaedic Practice. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Nov 3. [E]

Ratwani RM, Fairbanks RJ, Hettinger AZ, Benda NC. Electronic health record usability: analysis of the user-centered design processes of eleven electronic health record vendors. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Nov;22(6):1179-82.

Balatsoukas P, Williams R, Davies C, Ainsworth J, Buchan I. User Interface Requirements for Web-Based Integrated Care Pathways: Evidence from the Evaluation of an Online Care Pathway Investigation Tool. J Med Syst. 2015 Nov;39(11):183.

Flemming D, Przysucha M, Hübner U. Cognitive Maps to Visualise Clinical Cases in Handovers. Design, Implementation, Usability, and Attractiveness Testing. Methods Inf Med. 2015 Oct 12;54(5):412-23.

Benda NC, Meadors ML, Zachary Hettinger A, Ratwani RM. Emergency Physician Task Switching Increases With the Introduction of a Commercial Electronic Health Record. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Sep 10. [E]

Ratwani RM, Benda NC, Hettinger AZ, Fairbanks RJ. Electronic Health Record Vendor Adherence to Usability Certification Requirements and Testing Standards. JAMA. 2015 Sep 8;314(10):1070-1.

Maher M, Kaziunas E, Ackerman M, Derry H, Forringer R, Miller K, O’Reilly D, An LC, Tewari M, Hanauer DA, Choi SW. User-centered Design Groups to Engage Patients and Caregivers with a Personalized Health IT Tool. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015 Sep 4. [E]

Zahabi M, Kaber DB, Swangnetr M. Usability and Safety in Electronic Medical Records Interface Design: A Review of Recent Literature and Guideline Formulation. Hum Factors. 2015 Aug;57(5):805-34.

Gold JA, Stephenson LE, Gorsuch A, Parthasarathy K, Mohan V. Feasibility of utilizing a commercial eye tracker to assess electronic health record use during patient simulation. Health Informatics J. 2015 Jul 3. [E]

Colligan L, Potts HW, Finn CT, Sinkin RA. Cognitive workload changes for nurses transitioning from a legacy system with paper documentation to a commercial electronic health record. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Jul;84(7):469-76.

Richardson JE, Vest JR, Green CM, Kern LM, Kaushal R; HITEC Investigators. A needs assessment of health information technology for improving care coordination in three leading patient-centered medical homes. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Jul;22(4):815-20.

Sittig DF, Murphy DR, Smith MW, Russo E, Wright A, Singh H. Graphical display of diagnostic test results in electronic health Records: a comparison of 8 systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Jul;22(4):900-4.

Bruns EJ, Hyde KL, Sather A, Hook AN, Lyon AR. Applying User Input to the Design and Testing of an Electronic Behavioral Health Information System for Wraparound Care Coordination. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2015 Jun 10. [E]

Baudendistel I, Winkler E, Kamradt M, Längst G, Eckrich F, Heinze O, Bergh B, Szecsenyi J, Ose D. Personal electronic health records: understanding user requirements and needs in chronic cancer care. J Med Internet Res. 2015 May 21;17(5):e121

Saleem JJ, Plew WR, Speir RC, Herout J, Wilck NR, Ryan DM, Cullen TA, Scott JM, Beene MS, Phillips T. Understanding barriers and facilitators to the use of Clinical Information Systems for intensive care units and Anesthesia Record Keeping: A rapid ethnography. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Jul;84(7):500-11.

Czaja SJ, Zarcadoolas C, Vaughon WL, Lee CC, Rockoff ML, Levy J. The usability of electronic personal health record systems for an underserved adult population. Hum Factors. 2015 May;57(3):491-506.

Krist AH, Green LA, Phillips RL, Beasley JW, DeVoe JE, Klinkman MS, Hughes J, Puro J, Fox CH, Burdick T; NAPCRG Health Information Technology Working Group. Health information technology needs help from primary care researchers. J Am Board Fam Med. 2015 May-Jun;28(3):306-10.

Weir CR, Staggers N, Gibson B, Doing-Harris K, Barrus R, Dunlea R. A qualitative evaluation of the crucial attributes of contextual Information necessary in EHR design to support patient-centered medical home care. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2015 Apr 16;15(1):30. [E]

Payne TH, Hines LE, Chan RC, Hartman S, Kapusnik-Uner J, Russ AL, et al. Recommendations to Improve the Usability of Drug-Drug Interaction Clinical Decision Support Alerts. J Am Med Inform Assoc.2015 Mar 30. [E]

Hanauer DA, Zheng K. Paper versus EHR: simplistic comparisons may not capture  current reality. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Mar 13. [E]

Peute LW, de Keizer NF, Jaspers MW. The value of Retrospective and Concurrent  Think Aloud in formative usability testing of a physician data query tool. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Feb 27. [E]

Jalota L, Aryal MR, Mahmood M, Wasser T, Donato A. Interventions to increase physician efficiency and comfort with an electronic health record system. Methods Inf Med. 2015 Jan 12;54(1):103-9.

Kuhn T, Basch P, Barr M, Yackel T; for the Medical Informatics Committee of the American College of Physicians*. Clinical Documentation in the 21st Century: Executive Summary of a Policy Position Paper From the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jan 13. [E]

Buswell M, Fleming J, Lumbard P, Prothero LS, Amador S, Goodman C. Difference between how ambulance service personnel use paper and electronic patient care records when attending older people at home. Eur J Emerg Med. 2015 Jan 2. [E}

Maillet E, Mathieu L, Sicotte C. Modeling factors explaining the acceptance, actual use and satisfaction of nurses using an Electronic Patient Record in acute care settings: An extension of the UTAUT. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Jan;84(1):36-47.

Petrakaki D, Klecun E. Hybridity as a process of technology’s ‘translation’: Customizing a national Electronic Patient Record. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Jan;124:224-31.

2014
Clynch N, Kellett J. Medical documentation: Part of the solution, or part of the problem? A narrative review of the literature on the time spent on and value of medical documentation. Int J Med Inform. 2014 Dec 15. [E]

Gellert GA, Ramirea R, Webster SL. The Rise of the Medical Scribe Industry: Implications for the Advancement of Electronic Health Records. JAMA. 2014 Dec 15. [E]

Fleischmann R, Duhm J, Hupperts H, Brandt SA. Tablet computers with mobile electronic medical records enhance clinical routine and promote bedside time: a controlled prospective crossover study. J Neurol. 2014 Dec 5. [E]

Clarke MA, Belden JL, Kim MS. Determining differences in user performance between expert and novice primary care doctors when using an electronic health record (EHR). J Eval Clin Pract. 2014 Dec 2. [E]

Perry JJ, Sutherland J, Symington C, Dorland K, Mansour M, Stiell IG. Assessment of the impact on time to complete medical record using an electronic medical record versus a paper record on emergency department patients: a study. Emerg Med J. 2014 Dec;31(12):980-5.

Redd TK, Read-Brown S, Choi D, Yackel TR, Tu DC, Chiang MF. Electronic health record impact on productivity and efficiency in an academic pediatric ophthalmology practice. J AAPOS. 2014 Dec;18(6):584-9.

Santana MJ, Holroyd-Leduc J, Flemons WW, O’Beirne M, White D, Clayden N, Forster AJ, Ghali WA. The seamless transfer of care: a pilot study assessing the  usability of an electronic transfer of care communication tool. Am J Med Qual. 2014 Nov;29(6):476-83.

Huang YH, Gramopadhye AK. Systematic engineering tools for describing and improving medication administration processes at rural healthcare facilities. Appl Ergon. 2014 Nov;45(6):1712-24. [E]

Lo YS, Lee WS, Chen GB, Liu CT. Improving the work efficiency of healthcare-associated infection surveillance using electronic medical records. Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2014 Nov;117(2):351-9.

Ancker JS, Kern LM, Edwards A, Nosal S, Stein DM, Hauser D, Kaushal R; HITEC Investigators. How is the electronic health record being used? Use of EHR data to assess physician-level variability in technology use. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Nov;21(6)

McDonald CJ, Callaghan FM, Weissman A, Goodwin RM, Mundkur M, Kuhn T. Use of  Internist’s Free Time by Ambulatory Care Electronic Medical Record Systems. JAMA  Intern Med. 2014 Nov 1;174(11):1860-3.

Yen PY, Sousa KH, Bakken S. Examining construct and predictive validity of the Health-IT Usability Evaluation Scale: confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling results. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Oct;21(e2):e241-8.

Ryan MS, Shih SC, Winther CH, Wang JJ. Does it Get Easier to Use an EHR? Report from an Urban Regional Extension Center. J Gen Intern Med. 2014Oct;29(10):1341-8.

Phansalkar S, Zachariah M, Seidling HM, Mendes C, Volk L, Bates DW. Evaluation of medication alerts in electronic health records for compliance with human factors principles. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Oct;21(e2):e332-40.

Yen PY, Sousa KH, Bakken S. Examining construct and predictive validity of the Health-IT Usability Evaluation Scale: confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling results. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Oct;21(e2):e241-8.

Chi J, Kugler J, Chu IM, Loftus PD, Evans KH, Oskotsky T, Basaviah P, Braddock CH 3rd. Medical students and the electronic health record: ‘an epic use of time’. Am J Med. 2014 Sep;127(9):891-5. [E]

McCartney P. Human factors, usability, and the electronic health record. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2014 Sep-Oct;39(5):333.

DeANGELIS CD. The electronic health record: boon or bust for good patient care? Milbank Q. 2014 Sep;92(3):442-5.

Chrimes D, Kitos NR, Kushniruk A, Mann DM. Usability testing of Avoiding Diabetes Thru Action Plan Targeting (ADAPT) decision support for integrating care-based counseling of pre-diabetes in an electronic health record. Int J Med Inform. 2014 Sep;83(9):636-47.

Declerck G, Aimé X. Reasons (not) to Spend a Few Billions More on EHRs: How Human Factors Research Can Help. Yearb Med Inform. 2014 Aug 15;9(1):90-6.

Patel VL, Kannampallil TG. Human factors and health information technology: current challenges and future directions. Yearb Med Inform. 2014 Aug 15;9(1):58-66.

De Silva L, Diamantidis CJ, Prakash D, Zuckerman M, Weir MR. Usability of Mobile Technology to Screen for Drug-Drug Interactions in Kidney Transplant Patients. Am J Nephrol. 2014 Jul 19;40(2):97-104. [E]

Kiah ML, Haiqi A, Zaidan BB, Zaidan AA. Open source EMR software: Profiling, insights and hands-on analysis. Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2014 Jul 17. [E]

Xiao Y, Montgomery DC, Philpot LM, Barnes SA, Compton J, Kennerly D. Development of a tool to measure user experience following electronic health record implementation. J Nurs Adm. 2014 Jul-Aug;44(7/8):423-8.

Devine EB, Lee CJ, Overby CL, Abernethy N, McCune J, Smith JW, Tarczy-Hornoch  P. Usability evaluation of pharmacogenomics clinical decision support aids and clinical knowledge resources in a computerized provider order entry system: A mixed methods approach. Int J Med Inform. 2014 Jul;83(7):473-83.

Janols R, Lind T, Göransson B, Sandblad B. Evaluation of user adoption during  three module deployments of region-wide electronic patient record systems. Int J  Med Inform. 2014 Jun;83(6):438-49.

Asan O, D Smith P, Montague E. More screen time, less face time – implications for EHR design. J Eval Clin Pract. 2014 May 19. [E]

Phansalkar S, Zachariah M, Seidling HM, Mendes C, Volk L, Bates DW. Evaluation of medication alerts in electronic health records for compliance with human factors principles. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Apr 29. [E]

Walji MF, Kalenderian E, Piotrowski M, Tran D, Kookal KK, Tokede O, White JM,  Vaderhobli R, Ramoni R, Stark PC, Kimmes NS, Lagerweij M, Patel VL. Are three methods better than one? A comparative assessment of usability evaluation methods in an EHR. Int J Med Inform. 2014 May;83(5):361-7.

Rojas CL, Seckman CA. The informatics nurse specialist role in electronic health record usability evaluation. Comput Inform Nurs. 2014 May;32(5):214-20.

Landman AB, Redden L, Neri P, Poole S, Horsky J, Raja AS, Pozner CN, Schiff G, Poon EG. Using a medical simulation center as an electronic health record usability laboratory. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 May 1;21(3):558-63.

Ant Ozok A, Wu H, Garrido M, Pronovost PJ, Gurses AP. Usability and perceived  usefulness of Personal Health Records for preventive health care: a case study focusing on patients’ and primary care providers’ perspectives. Appl Ergon. 2014  May;45(3):613-28.

Thyvalikakath TP, Dziabiak MP, Johnson R, Torres-Urquidy MH, Acharya A, Yabes  J, Schleyer TK. Advancing cognitive engineering methods to support user interface design for electronic health records. Int J Med Inform. 2014 Apr;83(4):292-302.

Montague E, Asan O. Dynamic modeling of patient and physician eye gaze to understand the effects of electronic health records on doctor-patient communication and attention. Int J Med Inform. 2014 Mar;83(3):225-34.

Page CA, Schadler A. A Nursing Focus on EMR Usability Enhancing Documentation  of Patient Outcomes. Nurs Clin North Am. 2014 Mar;49(1):81-90

Yen PY, Sousa KH, Bakken S. Examining construct and predictive validity of the Health-IT Usability Evaluation Scale: confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling results. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Feb 24. [E]

Carayon P, Wetterneck TB, Cartmill R, Blosky MA, Brown R, Kim R, Kukreja S, Johnson M, Paris B, Wood KE, Walker J. Characterising the complexity of medication safety using a human factors approach: an observational study in two intensive care units. BMJ Qual Saf. 2014 Jan;23(1):56-65.

Friedman A, Crosson JC, Howard J, Clark EC, Pellerano M, Karsh BT, Crabtree B, Jaén CR, Cohen DJ. A typology of electronic health record workarounds in small-to-medium size primary care practices. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Feb;21(e1):e78-83.

Ser G, Robertson A, Sheikh A. A qualitative exploration of workarounds related to the implementation of national electronic health records in early adopter mental health hospitals. PLoS One. 2014 Jan 16;9(1):e77669.

Krist AH, Beasley JW, Crosson JC, Kibbe DC, Klinkman MS, et al.  Electronic health record functionality needed to better  support primary care. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jan 15. [E]

Grabenbauer, L.A.; Fruhling, A.L.; Windle, J.R., “Towards a Cardiology/EHR Interaction Workflow Usability Evaluation Method,” System Sciences (HICSS), 2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on, vol., no., pp.2626,2635, 6-9 Jan. 2014

Smith SW, Koppel R. Healthcare information technology’s relativity problems: a typology of how patients’ physical reality, clinicians’ mental models, and healthcare information technology differ. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jan 1;21(1):117-31.

Lalley C. Workarounds and obstacles: unexpected source of innovation. Nurs Adm Q. 2014 Jan-Mar;38(1):69-77.

2013
Wilcox L, Patel R, Chen Y, Shachak A. Human factors in computing systems: focus on patient-centered health communication at the ACM SIGCHI conference. Patient Educ Couns. 2013 Dec;93(3):532-4.

Zhang Z, Wang B, Ahmed F, Ramakrishnan IV, Zhao R, Viccellio A, Mueller K. The five ws for information visualization with application to healthcare informatics. IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph. 2013 Nov;19(11):1895-910

Celikkan U, Sahin YG, Senuzun F. Perceived usefulness of data entry tools in medical encounters: a survey. J Med Syst. 2013 Oct 26. [E]

Rogers ML, Sockolow PS, Bowles KH, Hand KE, George J. Use of a human factors approach to uncover informatics needs of nurses in documentation of care. Int J Med Inform. 2013 Nov;82(11):1068-74.

Hill RG Jr, Sears LM, Melanson SW. 4000 Clicks: a productivity analysis of electronic medical records in a community hospital ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2013 Sep 20. [E]

Vanwormer J, Xu Y, Weichelt B, Williams S, Burish D, Barwick M, Moritz R, Lin  S. PS3-52: Heart Health in Your Pocket: Lessons Learned from the Development of a Smartphone App. Clin Med Res. 2013 Sep;11(3):175.

Kuqi K, Eveleigh T, Holzer T, Sarkani S, Levin JE, Crowley RS. Design of electronic medical record user interfaces: a matrix-based method for improving usability. J Healthc Eng. 2013;4(3):427-52.

Block L, Habicht R, Wu AW, Desai SV, Wang K, Silva KN, Niessen T, Oliver N, Feldman L. In the wake of the 2003 and 2011 duty hours regulations, how do internal medicine interns spend their time? J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Aug;28(8):1042-7.

Farri O, Monsen KA, Pakhomov SV, Pieczkiewicz DS, Speedie SM, Melton GB. Effects of time constraints on clinician-computer interaction: A study on information synthesis from EHR clinical notes. J Biomed Inform. 2013 Sep 6. [E]

Babbott S, Manwell LB, Brown R, Montague E, Williams E, Schwartz M, Hess E, Linzer M. Electronic medical records and physician stress in primary care: results from the MEMO Study. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Sep 4. [E]

Saleem JJ, Flanagan ME, Russ AL, McMullen CK, Elli L, Russell SA, Bennett KJ,  Matthias MS, Rehman SU, Schwartz MD, Frankel RM. You and me and the computer makes three: variations in exam room use of the electronic health record. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Sep 3. [E]

McMurray J, Hicks E, Johnson H, Elliott J, Byrne K, Stolee P. ‘Trying to find  information is like hating yourself every day’: The collision of electronic information systems in transition with patients in transition. Health Informatics J. 2013 Sep;19(3):218-32.

Perry JJ, Sutherland J, Symington C, Dorland K, Mansour M, Stiell IG. Assessment of the impact on time to complete medical record using an electronic medical record versus a paper record on emergency department patients: a study. Emerg Med J. 2013 Aug 23. [E]

Huser V, Cimino JJ. Don’t take your EHR to heaven, donate it to science: legal and research policies for EHR post mortem. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Aug 21. [E]

Parashar HJ, Sachdeva S, Batra S, Mehndiratta P. Usability and information retrieval issues for electronic healthcare record databases. Contemporary Computing (IC3), 2013 Sixth International Conference on , vol., no., pp.410,414, 8-10 Aug. 2013.

Kuqi K, Eveleigh T, Holzer T, Sarkani S, Levin JE, Crowley RS. Design of electronic medical record user interfaces: a matrix-based method for improving usability. J Healthc Eng. 2013;4(3):427-52

Kushniruk A, Nohr C, Jensen S, Borycki EM. From Usability Testing to Clinical Simulations: Bringing Context into the Design and Evaluation of Usable and Safe Health Information Technologies. Contribution of the IMIA Human Factors Engineering for Healthcare Informatics Working Group. Yearb Med Inform. 2013;8(1):78-85.

Beuscart-Zephir MC, Borycki E, Carayon P, Jaspers MW, Pelayo S. Evolution of human factors research and studies of health information technologies: the role of patient safety. Yearb Med Inform. 2013;8(1):67-77.

Borycki E, Kushniruk A, Nohr C, Takeda H, Kuwata S, Carvalho C, Bainbridge M, Kannry J. Usability Methods for Ensuring Health Information Technology Safety: Evidence-Based Approaches. Contribution of the IMIA Working Group Health Informatics for Patient Safety. Yearb Med Inform. 2013;8(1):20-7.

Elkin PL, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Pelayo S, Patel V, Nøhr C. The usability-error ontology. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;194:91-6.

Peute LW, Driest KF, Marcilly R, Bras Da Costa S, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Jaspers  MW. A Framework for reporting on Human Factor/Usability studies of Health Information Technologies. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;194:54-60.

Kushniruk A, Kaipio J, Nieminen M, Nohr C. National Efforts for Measuring EMR  Usability and Adoption: Issues, Opportunities and Challenges. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:1236.

Kushniruk A, Kaipio J, Nieminen M, Nøhr C, Borycki E. Comparing approaches to  measuring the adoption and usability of electronic health records: lessons learned from Canada, denmark and Finland. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:367-71.

Saleem JJ, Adams S, Frankel RM, Doebbeling BN, Patterson ES. Efficiency strategies for facilitating computerized clinical documentation in ambulatory care. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:13-7.

Patriarca-Almeida JH, Santos B, Cruz-Correia RJ.  Using a clinical document importance estimator to optimize an agent-based clinical report retrieval system. Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS), 2013 IEEE 26th International Symposium on , vol., no., pp.469,472, 20-22 June 2013.

Weibel N Ashfaq, S.; Calvitti, A.; Hollan, J.D.; Agha, Z., “Multimodal data analysis and visualization to study the usage of Electronic Health Records,” Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare (Pervasive Health), 2013 7th International Conference on , vol., no., pp.282,283, 5-8 May 2013

Suebnukarn S, Rittipakorn P, Thongyoi B, Boonpitak K, Wongsapai M, Pakdeesan P. Usability assessment of an electronic health record in a comprehensive dental  clinic. Springerplus. 2013 May 12;2(1):220.

Waterson P, Hoonakker PL, Carayon P. Special issue on human factors and the implementation of health information technology (HIT): Comparing approaches across nations. Int J Med Inform. 2013 May;82 (5):277-80.

Kushniruk AW, Bates DW, Bainbridge M, Househ MS, Borycki EM. National efforts  to improve health information system safety in Canada, the United States of America and England. Int J Med Inform. 2013 May;82 (5):e149-60.

Patterson ES, Zhang J, Abbott P, Gibbons MC, Lowry SZ, Quinn MT, Ramaiah M, Brick D. Enhancing electronic health record usability in pediatric patient care: a scenario-based approach. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2013 Mar;39(3):129-35.

Hoyt R, Adler K, Ziesemer B, Palombo G. Evaluating the usability of a free electronic health record for training. Perspect Health Inf Manag. 2013 Apr 1;10:1b.

Flanagan ME, Saleem JJ, Millitello LG, Russ AL, Doebbeling BN. Paper- and computer-based workarounds to electronic health record use at three benchmark institutions. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Mar 14. [E]

Keenan G, Yakel E, Dunn Lopez K, Tschannen D, Ford YB. Challenges to nurses’ efforts of retrieving, documenting, and communicating patient care information. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Mar 1;20(2):245-51.

Walji MF, Kalenderian E, Tran D, Kookal KK, Nguyen V, Tokede O, White JM, Vaderhobli R, Ramoni R, Stark PC, Kimmes NS, Schoonheim-Klein ME, Patel VL. Detection and characterization of usability problems in structured data entry interfaces in dentistry. Int J Med Inform. 2013 Feb;82(2):128-38.

Kopanitsa G, Hildebrand C, Stausberg J, Englmeier KH. Visualization of Medical Data Based on EHR Standards. Methods Inf Med. 2013 Jan 14;52(1):43-50.

McGreevey JD. Order sets in electronic health records: principles of good practice. Chest. 2013 Jan 1;143(1):228-35.

2012
Horsky J, Schiff GD, Johnston D, Mercincavage L, Bell D, Middleton B. Interface design principles for usable decision support: A targeted review of best practices for clinical prescribing interventions. J Biomed Inform. 2012 Dec;45(6):1202-16.

Russ AL, Weiner M, Russell SA, Baker DA, Fahner WJ, Saleem JJ. Design and implementation of a hospital-based usability laboratory: insights from a Department of Veterans Affairs laboratory for health information technology. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2012 Dec;38(12):531-40.

Kannampallil TG, Franklin A, Mishra R, Almoosa KF, Cohen T, Patel VL. Understanding the nature of information seeking behavior in critical care: Implications for the design of health information technology. Artif Intell Med. 2012 Nov 26. [E]

Li AC, Kannry JL, Kushniruk A, Chrimes D, McGinn TG, Edonyabo D, Mann DM. Integrating usability testing and think-aloud protocol analysis with “near-live”  clinical simulations in evaluating clinical decision support. Int J Med Inform. 2012 Nov;81(11):761-72.

Terner A, Lindstedt H, Sonnander K. Predefined headings in a multiprofessional electronic health record system. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Nov 1;19(6):1032-8.

Holmes C, Brown M, Hilaire DS, Wright A. Healthcare provider attitudes towards the problem list in an electronic health record: a mixed-methods qualitative study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2012 Nov 11;12(1):127. [E]

Wanderer JP, Rao AV, Rothwell SH, Ehrenfeld JM. Comparing two anesthesia information management system user interfaces: a usability evaluation. Can J Anaesth. 2012 Oct 5. [E]

Neri PM, Pollard SE, Volk LA, Newmark LP, Varugheese M, Baxter S, Aronson SJ,  Rehm HL, Bates DW. Usability of a novel clinician interface for genetic results.  J Biomed Inform. 2012 Oct;45(5):950-7.

Knijnenburg SL, Kremer LC, Versluys AB, Braam KI, Mud MS, van der Pal HJ, Caron HN, Jaspers MW. Evaluation of a patient information website for childhood cancer survivors. Support Care Cancer. 2012 Sep 25. [E]

Urda D, Ribelles N, Subirats JL, Franco L, Alba E, Jerez JM. Addressing critical issues in the development of an Oncology Information System. Int J Med Inform. 2012 Sep 13. [E]

Hollin I, Griffin M, Kachnowski S. How will we know if it’s working? A multi-faceted approach to measuring usability of a specialty-specific electronic  medical record. Health Informatics J. 2012 Sep;18(3):219-32.

Hou SI. Health Literacy Online: A Guide to Writing and Designing Easy-to-Use Health Web Sites. Health Promot Pract. 2012 Sep;13(5):577-80.

Stricker E, Pfeffer S, Trick M, Rall M, Maier T. Standardized research on ergonomics, usability and workflow analysis using high fidelity simulation labs.  Biomed Tech (Berl). 2012 Aug 31.  [E]

Ybarra ML, Biringi R, Prescott T, Bull SS. Usability and Navigability of an HIV/AIDS Internet Intervention for Adolescents in a Resource-Limited Setting. Comput Inform Nurs. 2012 Aug 22. [E]

Avansino J, Leu MG. Effects of CPOE on Provider Cognitive Workload: A Randomized Crossover Trial. Pediatrics. 2012 Aug 13. [E]

van der Peijl J, Klein J, Grass C, Freudenthal A. Design for risk control: The role of usability engineering in the management of use-related risks. J Biomed Inform. 2012 Aug;45(4):795-812.

Love JS, Wright A, Simon SR, Jenter CA, Soran CS, Volk LA, Bates DW, Poon EG. Are physicians’ perceptions of healthcare quality and practice satisfactionaffected by errors associated with electronic health record use? J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Jul 1;19(4):610-4.

Poulter T, Bath PA. The Use and Usability of EPR systems in Oncology. StudHealth Technol Inform. 2012;180:398-402.

Marcilly R, Bernonville S, Riccioli C, Beuscart-Zephir MC. Patientsafety-oriented usability testing: a pilot study. Stud Health Technol Inform.2012;180:368-72.

Kopanitsa G, Tsvetkova Z, Veseli H. Analysis of Metrics for the UsabilityEvaluation of EHR Management Systems. Stud Health Technol Inform.2012;180:358-62.

López-García P, Boeker M, Illarramendi A, Schulz S. Usability-driven pruning of large ontologies: the case of SNOMED CT. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Jun 1;19(e1):e102-e109.

Fritz F, Balhorn S, Riek M, Breil B, Dugas M. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of EHR-integrated mobile patient questionnaires regarding usability and cost-efficiency. Int J Med Inform. 2012 May;81(5):303-13.

Bakhshi-Raiez F, de Keizer NF, Cornet R, Dorrepaal M, Dongelmans D, Jaspers MW. A usability evaluation of a SNOMED CT based compositional interface terminology for intensive care. Int J Med Inform. 2012 May;81(5):351-62.

Lindblom K, Gregory T, Wilson C, Flight IH, Zajac I. The impact of computer self-efficacy, computer anxiety, and perceived usability and acceptability on the efficacy of a decision support tool for colorectal cancer screening. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 May-Jun;19(3):407-12.

Yen PY, Bakken S. Review of health information technology usability study  methodologies. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 May-Jun;19(3):413-22.

Menon A, Korner-Bitensky N, Chignell M, Straus S. Usability testing of two e-learning resources: methods to maximize potential for clinician use. J Rehabil Med. 2012 Apr;44(4):338-45.

Yadrich DM, Fitzgerald SA, Werkowitch M, Smith CE. Creating patient and family education web sites: assuring accessibility and usability standards. Comput Inform Nurs. 2012 Jan;30(1):46-54.

Alsos OA, Das A, Svanæs D. Mobile health IT: the effect of user interface and form factor on doctor-patient communication. Int J Med Inform. 2012 Jan;81(1):12-28.

Chan AJ, Islam MK, Rosewall T, Jaffray DA, Easty AC, Cafazzo JA. Applying usability heuristics to radiotherapy systems. Radiother Oncol. 2012 Jan;102(1):142-7.

Darby J, Black J, Morrison D, Buising K. An information management system for patients with tuberculosis: Usability assessment with end-users. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2012;178:26-32.

Kopanitsa G, Tsvetkova Z, Veseli H. Analysis of metrics for the usability evaluation of electronic health record systems. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2012;174:129-33.

2011
Zopf-Herling KM. Enhancing usability in EMR screen design. Comput Inform Nurs. 2011 Dec;29(12):679-91.

Zachariah M, Phansalkar S, Seidling HM, Neri PM, Cresswell KM, Duke J, Bloomrosen M, Volk LA, Bates DW. Development and preliminary evidence for the validity of an instrument assessing implementation of human-factors principles in medication-related decision-support systems–I-MeDeSA. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Dec;18 Suppl 1:i62-72.

Zhang J, Walji MF. TURF: toward a unified framework of EHR usability. J Biomed Inform. 2011 ec;44(6):1056-67.

Holden RJ. What stands in the way of technology-mediated patient safety improvements?: a study of facilitators and barriers to physicians’ use of electronic health records. J Patient Saf. 2011 Dec;7(4):193-203.

Carayon P, Cartmill R, Blosky MA, Brown R, Hackenberg M, Hoonakker P, Hundt AS, Norfolk E, Wetterneck TB, Walker JM. ICU nurses’ acceptance of electronic health records. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Nov-Dec;18(6):812-9.

Viitanen J, Hyppönen H, Lääveri T, Vänskä J, Reponen J, Winblad I. National questionnaire study on clinical ICT systems proofs: physicians suffer from poor usability. Int J Med Inform. 2011 Oct;80(10):708-25

Harrington L, Porch L, Acosta K, Wilkens K. Realizing electronic medical record benefits: an easy-to-do usability study. J Nurs Adm. 2011Jul-Aug;41(7-8):331-5.

Carrington JM, Effken JA. Strengths and limitations of the electronic health record for documenting clinical events. Comput Inform Nurs. 2011 Jun;29(6):360-7.

Harrington C, Wood R, Breuer J, Pinzon O, Howell R, Pednekar M, Zhu M, Zhang J. Using a unified usability framework to dramatically improve the usability of an EMR Module. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2011;2011:549-58.

Hall SA, Kushniruk AW, Borycki EM. Usability analysis of the tele-nursing call management software at HealthLink BC. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;164:208-12.

2010
Belden J. Three bright ideas for improving electronic health record usability. Fam Pract Manag. 2010 Jul-Aug;17(4):7-9.

Saitwal H, Feng X, Walji M, Patel V, Zhang J. Assessing performance of an Electronic Health Record (EHR) using Cognitive Task Analysis. Int J Med Inform. 2010 Jul;79(7):501-6.

Corrao NJ, Robinson AG, Swiernik MA, Naeim A. Importance of testing for usability when selecting and implementing an electronic health or medical record  system. J Oncol Pract. 2010 May;6(3):120-4

Boone E. EMR usability: bridging the gap between nurse and computer. Nurs Manage. 2010 Mar;41(3):14-6.

Webster C, Copenhaver M. Process-aware EHR BPM systems: two prototypes and a  conceptual framework. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;160(Pt 1):106-10.

Koppel R, Kreda DA. Healthcare IT usability and suitability for clinical needs: challenges of design, workflow, and contractual relations. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;157:7-14.

2009
Zheng K, Padman R, Johnson MP, Diamond HS. An interface-driven analysis of user interactions with an electronic health records system. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2009 Mar-Apr;16(2):228-37. .

Meredith J. Electronic patient record evaluation in community mental health.  Inform Prim Care. 2009;17(4):209-13.

Senathirajah Y, Bakken S. Architectural and usability considerations in the development of a Web 2.0-based EHR. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2009;143:315-21.

2008
Moore BJ, Wright JA, Watson B, Friedman RH, Adams WG. Usability testing of an electronic health record form to support physician-based counseling and self-management of overweight children. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008 Nov 6:1061.

Schnipper JL, Linder JA, Palchuk MB, Einbinder JS, Li Q, Postilnik A, Middleton B. “Smart Forms” in an Electronic Medical Record: documentation-based clinical decision support to improve disease management. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008 Jul-Aug;15(4):513-23.

Wu RC, Orr MS, Chignell M, Straus SE. Usability of a mobile electronic medical record prototype: a verbal protocol analysis. Inform Health Soc Care. 2008 Jun;33(2):139-49. PubMed PMID: 18604757.

Alsos OA. Attention and usability issues in mobile health information systems at point-of-care. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2008;136:877-8.

Jaspers MW, Peute LW, Lauteslager A, Bakker PJ. Pre-post evaluation ofphysician s’ satisfaction with a redesigned electronic medical record system. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2008;136:303-8.

2007
Whitten P, Buis L, Mackert M. Factors impacting providers’ perceptions regarding a midwestern university-based EMR. Telemed J E Health. 2007 Aug;13(4):391-7.

Kjeldskov J, Skov MB, Stage J. A longitudinal study of usability in health care – does time heal? Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007;130:181-91.

Zheng K, Padman R, Johnson MP. User interface optimization for an electronic  medical record system. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007;129(Pt 2):1058-62.

2006
Santiago O, Li Q, Gagliano N, Judge D, Hamann C, Middleton B. Improving EMR Usability: a method for both discovering and prioritizing improvements in EMR workflows based on human factors engineering. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006:1086.

Drury BM. Ambulatory EHR functionality: a comparison of functionality lists.  J Healthc Inf Manag. 2006 Winter;20(1):61-70.

Møller-Jensen J, Lund Pedersen I, Simonsen J. Measurement of the clinical usability of a configurable EHR. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2006;124:356-61.

Lilholt LH, Pedersen SS, Madsen I, Nielsen PH, Boye N, Andersen SK, Nøhr C. Development of methods for usability evaluations of EHR systems. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2006;124:341-6.

Angermo LM, Ruland CM. Increasing the usability of nursing intervention classification in EHR’s. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2006;122:985-6.

2005
Rose AF, Schnipper JL, Park ER, Poon EG, Li Q, Middleton B. Using qualitative studies to improve the usability of an EMR. J Biomed Inform. 2005 Feb;38(1):51-60.

2002
Rodriguez NJ, Murillo V, Borges JA, Ortiz J, Sands DZ. A usability study of physicians interaction with a paper-based patient record system and a graphical-based electronic patient record system. Proc AMIA Symp. 2002:667-71.

Krall MA, Sittig DF. Clinician’s assessments of outpatient electronic medical record alert and reminder usability and usefulness requirements. Proc AMIA Symp.2002:400-4.

2000
Langlotz CP, Meininger L. Enhancing the expressiveness and usability of structured image reporting systems. Proc AMIA Symp. 2000:467-71.

1999
Sittig DF, Kuperman GJ, Fiskio J. Evaluating physician satisfaction regarding user interactions with an electronic medical record system. Proc AMIA Symp. 1999:400-4.